What Did Medieval Europeans Know About America?

How garbled accounts of Viking voyages reached mainland Europe

Adam M Wakeling
5 min readOct 20, 2021

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‘Summer on the Greenland coast circa year 1000' by Carl Rasmussen (Wikimedia Commons)

OOne day in Genoa, Italy, in the early 1340s, friar Galvano Fiamma wrote this intriguing passage in his book, Cronica Universalis:

“Sailors who frequent the seas of Denmark and Norway say that northwards, beyond Norway, there is Iceland; further ahead…

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Adam M Wakeling

Adam Wakeling is an Australian writer, lawyer and historian. He is online at https://www.amwakeling.com/ and on Twitter @AdamMWakeling.